Many Egyptian gods, especially the primeval gods, were represented in serpent form. Wadjit, a lower Egyptian deity, was considered the protector of the pharaoh and is represented by the uraeus serpent on his crown. The earth-god Geb had a serpent’s head. The snake-god Apophis was considered the enemy of order. In addition, the idea that animals in general, and serpents in particular, could communicate with humans is common in Egyptian literature. Serpents in Egypt are also connected with occult wisdom. The ureaus is sometimes invoked as a magician.
Because of the NT and the development of Christian theology, it is most common for people today immediately to think of Satan as the serpent in Ge 3, but the Israelites never made that connection. We cannot recover what Adam and Eve would have thought about the serpent, but the ancient Near Eastern literature gives us an idea of some of the images that came to mind for the Israelites living in their time and culture. Foremost is the association of the serpent with life and death. Likewise the serpent is wise, is connected with disorder, and can be the enemy of God—perspectives that are meaningful in this context’. ◆
NIV cultural background bible se poate cumpara de la libraria crestina ‘Koorong’ ori descarca electronic ca ebook costul fiind de 4AUD. Recomand aceasta biblie de studiu tuturor cititorilor, si mai ales celor ce predica pentru a elimina ‘folclorul teologic’ prevalent la amvoanele bisericilor datorita ignorantei cu privire la contextul cultural in care a fost scrisa Scriptura.